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Selected Publications

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R.W. van Nieuwenhoven, A.M. Bürger, L.L.E. Mears, P. Kienzl, M. Reithofer, A. Elbe-Bürger, I.C. Gebeshuber: Verifying antibacterial properties of nanopillars on cicada wings. Appl. Nanosci., 14:531-541 2024.

K. Steiner, J.J. Schmolz, M. Wirth, S. Seiser, A. Elbe-Bürger, V. Klang: Surfactants for stabilization of dermal emulsions and their skin compatibility under UVA irradiation: diacyl phospholipids and polysorbate 80 result in high viability rates of human primary skin cells. Int. J. Pharm., 2024 Mar 25:653:123903. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2024.123903. Epub 2024 Feb 11.

S. Seiser, H. Arzani, T. Ayub, T. Phan-Canh, C. Staud, C. Worda, K. Kuchler, A. Elbe-Bürger: Native human and mouse skin infection models to study Candida auris-host interactions. Microbes Infect. 2024 Jan-Feb;26(1-2):105234. doi: 10.1016/j.micinf.2023.105234. Epub 2023 Oct 7.

N. Zila, O.M. Eichhoff, I. Steiner, T. Mohr, A. Bileck, P.F. Cheng, A. Leitner, L. Gillet, T. Sajic, S. Goetze, B. Friedrich, P. Bortel, J. Strobl, R. Reitermaier, S.A. Hogan, J.M. Martínez Gómez, R. Staeger, F. Tuchmann, S. Peters, G. Stary, M. Kuttke, A. Elbe-Bürger, C. Hoeller, R. Kunstfeld, W. Weninger, B. Wollscheid, R. Dummer, L.E. French, C. Gerner, R. Aebersold, M.P. Levesque, V. Paulitschke: Proteomic profiling of advanced melanoma patients to predict therapeutic response to anti-PD-1 therapy. Clin. Cancer Res. 2024 Jan 5;30(1):159-175. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-23-0562.


D. Polak, A. Elbe-Bürger, C. Kitzmüller, G.J. Zlabinger, B. Bohle: Human neutrophils require short exposure to cytokines and allergen to become functional antigen-presenting cells. Allergy 2023 Jan; 78(1):291-293. doi: 10.1111/all.15460. Epub 2022 Aug. 6.

M.A. Cichoń, A. Elbe-Bürger: Epidermal/dermal separation techniques and analysis of cell populations in human skin sheets. J Invest Dermatol. 2023 Jan; 143(1):11-17.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2022.10.012. (Review).


S. Seiser, D. Cerbu, A. Gallhofer, J. Matiasek, A. Elbe-Bürger: Comparative assessment of commercially available wound gels in ex vivo human skin reveals major differences in immune response-modulatory effects. Sci. Rep. 2022 Oct 19;12(1):17481. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-20997-9.

M.A. Cichoń, K. Pfisterer, J. Leitner, L. Wagner, C. Staud, P. Steinberger, A. Elbe-Bürger: Interoperability of RTN1A in dendrite dynamics and immune functions in human Langerhans cells. Elife 2022 Oct 12;11:e80578. doi: 10.7554/eLife.80578.

R. Reitermaier, T. Ayub, J. Staller, P. Kienzl, N. Fortelny, P.A. Vieyra-Garcia, C. Worda, C. Fiala, C. Staud, W. Eppel, A. Scharrer, T. Krausgruber, A. Elbe-Bürger: The molecular and phenotypic makeup of fetal human skin T lymphocytes. Development 2022 Apr 15;149(8):dev199781. doi: 10.1242/dev.199781. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

C. Vater, L. Bosch, A. Mitter, T. Göls, S. Seiser, E. Heiss, A. Elbe-Bürger, M. Wirth, C. Valenta, V. Klang: Lecithin-based nanoemulsions of traditional herbal wound healing agents and their effect on human skin cells. Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm. 2022 Jan;170:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2021.11.004. Epub 2021 Nov 16.


R. Reitermaier, M. Skoll, V. Touzeau-Roemer, M.C. Aichelburg, A. Elbe-Bürger, W. Bauer, A. Rieger, C. Schuster: Frequency of envoplakin and type VII collagen autoantibodies and co-occurrence with other skin-specific autoantibodies in HIV-infected patients and uninfected controls. Acta Derm. Venereol. 2021 Nov 24;101(11):adv00601. doi: 10.2340/actdv.v101.440.

P. Kalinina, V. Vorstandlechner, M. Buchberger, L. Eckhart, B. Lengauer, B. Golabi, M. Laggner, M. Hiess, B. Sterniczky, D. Födinger, E. Petrova, A. Elbe-Bürger, L. Beer, A. Hovnanian, E. Tschachler, M. Mildner: The whey acidic protein WFDC12 is specifically expressed in terminally differentiated keratinocytes and regulates epidermal serine protease activity. J. Invest. Dermatol. 2021 May;141(5):1198-1206.e13. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2020.09.025. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

R. Reitermaier, T. Krausgruber, N. Fortelny, T. Ayub, P.A. Vieyra-Garcia, P. Kienzl, P. Wolf, A. Scharrer, C. Fiala, M. Kölz, M. Hiess, M. Vierhapper, C. Schuster, A. Spittler, C. Worda, , W. Weninger, C. Bock, W. Eppel, A. Elbe-Bürger: αβγδ T cells play a vital role in fetal human skin development and immunity. J. Exp. Med. 2021 Apr 5;218(4):e20201189. doi: 10.1084/jem.20201189.

C. Bangert, K. Rindler, T. Krausgruber, N. Alkon, F.M. Thaler, H. Kurz, T. Ayub, D. Demirtas, N. Fortelny, V. Vorstandlechner, W.M. Bauer, T. Quint, M. Mildner, C. Jonak, A. Elbe-Bürger, J. Griss, C. Bock, P.M. Brunner: Persistence of mature dendritic cells, TH2A, and Tc2 cells characterize clinically resolved atopic dermatitis under IL-4Rα blockade. Sci. Immunol. 2021 Jan 22;6(55):eabe2749. doi: 10.1126/sciimmunol.abe2749.

M.A. Cichoń, K. Klas, M. Buchberger, M. Hammer, K. Seré, M. Zenke, E. Tschachler, A. Elbe-Bürger: Distinct distribution of RTN1A in immune cells in mouse skin and lymphoid organs. Front. Cell Dev. Biol. 2021 Jan 15;8:608876. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2020.608876. eCollection 2020.

S. Seiser, L. Janker, N. Zila, M. Mildner, A. Rakita, J. Matiasek, A. Bileck, C. Gerner, V. Paulitschke, A. Elbe-Bürger: Octenidine-based hydrogel shows anti-inflammatory and protease-inhibitory capacities in wounded human skin. Sci. Rep. 2021 Jan 8;11(1):32. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-79378-9.


T.B. Rojahn, V. Vorstandlechner, T. Krausgruber, W.M. Bauer, N. Alkon, C. Bangert, F.M. Thaler, F. Sadeghyar, N. Fortelny, V. Gernedl, K. Rindler, A. Elbe-Bürger, C. Bock, M. Mildner, P.M. Brunner: Single-cell transcriptomics combined with interstial fluid proteomics defines cell type-specific immune regulation in atopic dermatitis. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 2020 Nov; 146(5):1056-1069. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2020.03.41. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

C. Vater, V. Hlawaty, P. Werdenits, M.A. Cichoń, V. Klang, A. Elbe-Bürger, M. Wirth, C. Valenta: Effects of lecithin-based nanoemulsions on skin: short-time cytotoxicity MTT and BrdU studies, skin penetration of surfactants and additives and the delivery of curcumin. Int. J. Pharm. 2020 Apr 30;580:119209. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119209. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

A. Rakita, N. Nikolić, M. Mildner, J. Matiasek, A. Elbe-Bürger: Re-epithelialization and immune cell behaviour in an ex vivo human skin model. Sci. Rep. 2020 Jan 8;10(1):1. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-56847-4.


C. Vater, A. Adamovic, L. Ruttensteiner, K. Steiner, P. Tajpara, V. Klang, A. Elbe-Bürger, M. Wirth, C.P. Valenta: Cytotoxicity of lecithin-based nanoemulsions on human skin cells and ex vivo skin permeation: comparison to conventional surfactant types. Int. J. Pharm. 2019 Jul 20;566:383-390. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2019.05.078. Epub 2019 May 31.

N. Nikolić, P. Kienzl, P. Tajpara, M. Vierhapper, J. Matiasek, A. Elbe-Bürger: The antiseptic octenidine inhibits Langerhans cell activation and modulates cytokine expression upon superficial wounding with tape stripping. J. Immunol. Res. 2019 Mar 3:2019:5143635. doi: 10.1155/2019/5143635. eCollection 2019. 

P. Kienzl, R. Polacek, M. Reithofer, R. Reitermaier, P. Hagenbach, P. Tajpara, M. Vierhapper, M. Gschwandtner, M. Mildner, B. Jahn-Schmid, A. Elbe-Bürger: The cytokine environment influence on human skin-derived T cells. FASEB J. 2019 May;33(5):6514-6525. doi: 10.1096/fj.201801416R. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

O.C. Hedesan, A. Fenzl, A. Digruber, K. Spirk, S. Baumgartner-Parzer, M. Bilban, L. Kenner, M. Vierhapper, A. Elbe-Bürger, F.W. Kiefer: Parathyreoid hormone induces a browining program in human white adipocytes. Int. J. Obes. (Lond). 2019 June;43(6):1319-1324. doi: 10.1038/s41366-018-0266-z. Epub 2018 Dec. 5.

P. Tajpara, M. Mildner, R. Schmidt, M. Vierhapper, J. Matiasek, T. Popow-Kraupp, C. Schuster, A. Elbe-Bürger: A preclinical model for studying herpes simplex virus infection. J. Invest. Dermatol. 2018 Nov 8. pii: S0022-202X(18)32794-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2018.08.034. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

B. Kratzer, C. Köhler, S. Hofer, U. Smole, D. Trapin, J. Iturri, D. Pum, P. Kienzl, A. Elbe-Bürger, P. Gattinger, I. Mittermann, B. Linhart, G. Gadermeier, B. Jahn-Schmid, A. Neunkirchner, R. Valenta, W.F. Pickl: Prevention of allergy by virus-like nanoparticles (VNP) delivering shielded versions of major allergens in a humanized murine allergy model. Allergy 2019 Feb;74(2):246-260. doi: 10.1111/all.13573. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

D. Polak, C. Hafner, P. Briza, C. Kitzmüller, A. Elbe-Bürger, N. Samadi, M. Gschwandtner, W. Pfützner, G.J. Zlabinger, B. Jahn-Schmid, B. Bohle: A novel role for neutrophils in IgE-mediated allergy: evidence for antigen-presentation in late-phase reactions. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 2019 Mar;143(3):1143-1152.e4 doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2018.06.005. Epub 2018 June 18.


P. Tajpara, C. Schuster, E. Schön, P. Kienzl, M. Vierhapper, M. Mildner§, A. Elbe-Bürger§: Epicutaneous administration of the pattern recognition receptor agonist polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid activates the MDA5/MAVS pathway in Langerhans cells. FASEB J. 2018 Aug;32(8):4132-4144, 2018; doi: 10.1096/fj.201701090R. Epub 2018 Mar 6. §share corresponding authorship

T. Wagner, M. Gschwandtner, A. Strajeriu, A. Elbe-Bürger, J. Grillari, R. Grillari-Voglauer, G. Greiner, B. Golabi, E. Tschachler, M. Mildner: Establishment of keratinocyte cell lines from human hair follicles. Sci. Rep. 8:13434, 2018; doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-31829-0

M. Bidier, M. Salz, J. Meyburg, A. Elbe-Bürger, F. Lasitzschka, I. Hausser, K. Schäkel. Restrictive Dermopathy: Four case reports and structural skin changes. Acta Derm. Venereol. 98:807-808, 2018; doi: 10.2340/00015555-2970

M. Gschwandtner*, P. Kienzl*, P. Tajpara, C. Schuster, G. Stipek, M. Buchberger, M. Mildner, M. Mairhofer, W. Eppel, M. Vierhapper, J. Pammer, R. Koller, A. Elbe-Bürger§, E. Tschachler§: The reticulum-associated protein RTN1A specifically identifies human dendritic cells. J. Invest. Dermatol. 2018 Jun;138(6):1318-1327. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2018.01.002. Epub 2018 Jan 31. Share *first or §corresponding authorship


J. Jurkin, C. Krump, R. Köffel, C. Fieber, C. Schuster, P.M. Brunner, I. Borek, G. Eisenwort, C. Lim, J. Mages, R. Lang, W. Bauer, D. Mechtcheriakova, A. Meshcheryakova, A. Elbe-Bürger, G. Stingl, H. Strobl: Human skin dendritic cell fate is differentially regulated by the monocyte identity factor KLF4 during steady state and inflammation. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 139:1873-1884, 2017; doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2016.09.018. Epub 2016 Oct 11.

N. McGovern, A. Shin, G. Low, D. Low, K. Duan, L.J. Yao, R. Msallam, I. Low, N.B. Shadan, H.R. Sumatoh, E. Soon, J. Lum, E. Mok, S. Hubert, P. See, E.H. Kunxiang, Y.H. Lee, B. Janela, M. Choolani, C.N.Z. Mattar, Y. Fan, T.K.H. Lim, D.K. Hong, K.K. Tan, J.K.C. Tam, C. Schuster, A. Elbe-Bürger, X.N. Wang, V. Bigley, M. Collin, M. Haniffa, A. Schlitzer, M. Poidinger, S. Albani, A. Larbi, E.W. Newell, J.K.Y. Chan, F. Ginhoux: Human fetal dendritic cells promote prenatal T-cell immune suppression through arginase-2. Nature 546:662-666, 2017; doi:10.1038/nature22795. Epub 2017 Jun 14.


C. Schuster, M. Mildner, A. Botta, L. Nemec, R. Rogojanu, L. Beer, C. Fiala, W. Eppel, W. Bauer, P. Petzelbauer, A. Elbe-Bürger: Development of blood and lymphatic endothelial cells in embryonic and fetal human skin. Am. J. Pathol. 185:2563-2574, 2015.

A. Schöppl, A. Botta, M. Prior, J. Akgün, C. Schuster, A. Elbe-Bürger: Langerhans cell precursors acquire RANK/CD265 in prenatal human skin. Acta Histochem. 117:425-430, 2015.

K. Pfisterer, K.M. Lipnik, E. Hofer, A. Elbe-Bürger: CD90+ human dermal stromal cells are potent inducers of FoxP3+ regulatory T cells. J. Invest. Dermatol. 135:130-141, 2015.


M. Gschwandtner, S. Zhong, A. Tschachler, V. Mlitz, S. Karner, A. Elbe-Bürger, M. Mildner: Fetal human keratinocytes produce large amounts of antimicrobial peptides: involvement of histone-methylation processes. J. Invest. Dermatol. 134:2192-201, 2014.

C. Schuster, M. Mildner, M. Mairhofer, W. Bauer, C. Fiala, M. Prior, W. Eppel, A. Kolbus, E. Tschachler, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Human embryonic epidermis contains a diverse Langerhans cell precursor pool. Development 141:807-815, 2014.

M. Mildner*, M. Prior*, M. Gschwandtner, C. Schuster, E. Tschachler, A. Elbe-Bürger: Epidermal CCL27 expression is regulated during skin development and keratinocyte differentiation. J. Invest. Dermatol. 134:855-858, 2014. *share first authorship


N. Yasmin, T. Bauer, M. Modak, K. Wagner, C. Schuster, R. Köffel, M. Seyerl, J. Stöckl, A. Elbe-Bürger, D. Graf, H. Strobl: Identification of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) as an instructive factor for human epidermal Langerhans cell differentiation. J. Exp. Med. 210:2597-2610, 2013.

C. Schuster, R. Gläser, C. Fiala, W. Eppel, J. Harder, J.M. Schröder, A. Elbe-Bürger: Prenatal human skin expresses the antimicrobial peptide RNase 7. Arch. Dermatol. Res. 305:545-549, 2013.


N. Iram, M. Mildner, M. Prior, P. Petzelbauer, C. Fiala, S. Hacker, E. Tschachler, A. Elbe-Bürger: Age-related changes in expression and function of Toll-like receptors in human skin. Development 139:4210-4219, 2012.

A.C. Müller, F.P. Breitwieser, H. Fischer, C. Schuster, O. Brandt, J. Colinge, G. Superti-Furga, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger§, K.L. Bennett§: A comparative proteomic study of human skin suction blister fluid from healthy individuals using immuno-depletion and iTRAQ-labelling. J. Proteome Res. 11:3715-3727, 2012. §share last and corresponding authorship

C. Schuster, C. Vaculik, M. Prior, C. Fiala, M. Mildner, W. Eppel, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Phenotypic characterization of leukocytes in prenatal human dermis. J. Invest. Dermatol. 132:2581-2592, 2012.

C. Vaculik, C. Schuster, W. Bauer, N. Iram, G. Kramer, A. Reinisch, D. Strunk, A. Elbe-Bürger: Human dermis harbors distinct mesenchymal stromal cell subsets. J. Invest. Dermatol. 132:563-574, 2012.

J. Akgün, M. Prior, A. Elbe-Bürger: Most T cells in human neonatal skin are not naive. J. Clin. Exp. Dermatol. Res. doi:10.4172/2155-9554.S2-004, 2012.

A. Elbe-Bürger: Skin architecture and function. In: Handbook of Burns: Reconstruction and Rehabilitation; Eds: Kamolz L.P., Jeschke M.G., Horch R.E., Küntscher M, Brychta P.; Springer Verlag, Wien, New York, pp 29-46, Vol 2, 2012. (Book chapter).


A. Elbe-Bürger, C. Schuster: Development of the prenatal cutaneous antigen-presenting cell network. Immunol. Cell Biol. 88:393-399, 2010. (Review).


C. Schuster, C. Vaculik, C. Fiala, S. Meindl, O. Brandt, M. Imhof, G. Stingl, W. Eppel, A. Elbe-Bürger: HLA-DR+ leukocytes acquire CD1 antigens in embryonic and fetal human skin and contain functional antigen-presenting cells. J. Exp. Med. 206:169-181, 2009.

S. Meindl, C. Vaculik, J.G. Meingassner, G. Kramer, J. Akgün, M. Prior, A. Stuetz, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Differential effects of corticosteroids and pimecrolimus on the developing skin immune system in humans and mice. J. Invest. Dermatol. 129:2184-2192, 2009.

F. Göbel, S. Taschner, J. Jurkin, S. Konradi, C. Vaculik, S. Richter, D. Kneidinger, C. Mühlbacher, C. Bieglmayer, A. Elbe-Bürger, H. Strobl: Reciprocal role of GATA-1 and vitamin-D receptor in human myeloid dendritic cell differentiation. Blood 114:3813-3821, 2009.


W. Hoetzenecker, S. Meindl, A. Stuetz, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Both pimecrolimus and corticosteroids deplete plasmacytoid dendritic cells in patients with atopic dermatitis. J. Invest. Dermatol. 126:2141-2144, 2006.

S. Meindl, U. Schmidt, C. Vaculik, A. Elbe-Bürger: Characterization, isolation and differentiation of murine skin cells expressing hematopoietic stem cell markers. J. Leukoc. Biol. 80:816-826, 2006.


S. Meindl, A. Rot, W. Hoetzenecker, S. Kato, H. Cross, A. Elbe-Bürger: Vitamin D receptor ablation alters skin architecture and homeostasis of dendritic epidermal T cells. Br. J. Dermatol. 152: 231-241, 2005.

S. Chang-Rodriguez, W. Hoetzenecker, C. Schwärzler, T. Biedermann, S. Saeland, A. Elbe-Bürger: Fetal and neonatal murine skin harbors Langerhans cell precursors. J. Leukoc. Biol. 77:352-360, 2005.

W. Hoetzenecker, R. Ecker, T. Kopp, A. Stuetz, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Pimecrolimus leads to an apoptosis-induced depletion of T cells but not Langerhans cells in patients with atopic dermatitis. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 115:1276-1283, 2005.

C. Abrahamsberg, P. Fuchs, S. Osmanagic-Myers, I. Fischer, F. Propst, A. Elbe-Bürger, G. Wiche: Targeted ablation of plectin isoform 1 uncovers role of cytolinker proteins in leukocyte recruitment. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:18449-18454, 2005.


C. Tripp, S. Chang-Rodriguez, P. Stoitzner, S. Holzmann, H. Stössel, S. Saeland, F. Koch, A. Elbe-Bürger, N. Romani: Ontogeny of Langerin / CD207 expression in the epidermis of mice. J. Invest. Dermatol. 122:670-672, 2004.

W. Hoetzenecker, J.G. Meingassner, R. Ecker, G. Stingl, A. Stuetz, A. Elbe-Bürger: Corticosteroids but not pimecrolimus affect viability, maturation and immune function of murine epidermal Langerhans cells. J. Invest. Dermatol. 122:673-684, 2004.

S. Chang-Rodriguez, R. Ecker, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Autocrine IL-10 partially prevents differentiation of neonatal dendritic epidermal leukocytes into Langerhans cells. J. Leukoc. Biol. 76:657-666, 2004.

A. Elbe-Bürger, G. Stingl: Dendritic cells: role in skin immunity and potential clinical uses. Ann. Dermatol. Venereol. 131:93-103, 2004. (Review).


J.G. Meingassner, E. Kowalsky, H. Schwendinger, A. Elbe-Bürger, A. Stütz: Pimecrolimus does not affect Langerhans cells in murine epidermis, in contrast to corticosteroids. Br. J. Dermatol. 149:853-857, 2003.

S. Ortiz-Urda, A. Elbe-Bürger, J. Smolle, Y. Marquart, Y. Chudnovsky, T.W. Ridky, P. Bernstein, K. Wolff, K. Rappersberger: The plant lectin wheat germ agglutinin inhibits the binding of pemphigus foliaceus autoantibodies to desmoglein 1 in a majority of patients and prevents pathomechanisms of pemphigus foliaceus in vitro and in vivo. J. Immunol. 171:6244-6250, 2003.


A. Elbe-Bürger, A. Egyed, S. Olt, R. Klubal, U. Mann, K. Rappersberger, A. Rot, G. Stingl: Overexpression of IL-4 alters the homeostasis in the skin. J. Invest. Dermatol. 118:767-778, 2002.


A. Elbe-Bürger, A.M. Mommaas, E.E. Prieschl, E. Fiebiger, T. Baumruker, G. Stingl: Major histocompatibility complex class II- fetal skin dendritic cells are potent accessory cells of polyclonal T-cell responses. Immunology 101:242-253, 2000.


R.E. Bittner, C. Schöfer, K. Weipoltshammer, S. Ivanova, B. Streubel, E. Hauser, M. Freilinger, H. Höger, A. Elbe-Bürger, F. Wachtler: Recruitment of bone marrow-derived cells by skleletal and cardiac muscle in adult dystrophic mdx mice. Anat. Embryol. 199:391-396, 1999.


E.E. Prieschl, V. Novotny, R. Csonga, D. Jaschke, A. Elbe-Bürger, W. Thumb, M. Auer, G. Stingl, T. Baumruker: A novel splice variant of the transcription factor Nrf1 interacts with the TNF-alpha promotor and stimulates transcription. Nucleic Acids Res. 26:2291-2297, 1998.

D. Foedinger, A. Elbe-Bürger, B. Sterniczky, M. Lackner, R. Horvat, K. Wolff, K. Rappersberger: Erythema multiforme associated human autoantibodies against desmoplakin I and II: biochemical characterization and passive transfer studies into newborn mice. J. Invest. Dermatol. 111:503-510, 1998.

A. Kocikova, A. Kolesaric, F. Koszik, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Murine Langerhans cells cultured under serum-free conditions mature into potent stimulators of primary immune responses in vitro and in vivo. J. Immunol. 161:4033-4041, 1998.

F. Steinbach, K. Borchers, P. Ricciardi-Castagnoli, H. Ludwig, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: Dendritic cells presenting equine herpes virus-1 antigens induce protective anti-viral immunity. J. Gen. Virol. 79:3005-3014, 1998.


Kolesaric, G. Stingl, A. Elbe-Bürger: MHC class I+/II- dendritic cells induce hapten-specific immune responses in vitro and in vivo. J. Invest. Dermatol. 109:580-585, 1997.

C.A. Foster, A. Elbe: Lymphocyte subpopulations of the skin. In: Skin Immune System (SIS), Ed: Bos J.D.; CRC Press, New York, pp 85-108, 2nd edition, 1997. (Book chapter).

A. Elbe, C.A. Foster, G. Stingl: Isolation of T cells from mouse and human skin. In: Immunology Methods Manual, Ed: Lefkovits I.; Academic Press, San Diego, London, 3:1489-1501, 1997. (Book chapter).


D. Strunk, K. Rappersberger, C. Egger, H. Strobl, E. Krömer, A. Elbe, D. Maurer, G. Stingl: Generation of human dendritic cells/Langerhans cells from circulating CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells. Blood 87:1292-1302, 1996.

D. Foedinger, B. Sterniczky, A. Elbe, G. Anhalt, K. Wolff, K. Rappersberger: Autoantibodies against desmoplakin I and II define a subset of patients with erythema multiforme major. J. Invest. Dermatol. 106:1012-1016, 1996.

E.E. Prieschl, G.G. Pendl, A. Elbe, E. Serfling, N.E. Harrer, G. Stingl, T. Baumruker: Induction of the TNF-α promotor in the murine dendritic cell line 18 and the murine mast cell line CPII is differently regulated. J. Immunol. 157:2645-2653, 1996.

P. Lenz, A. Elbe, G. Stingl, P.R. Bergstresser: MHC class I expression on dendritic cells is sufficient to sensitize for transplantation immunity. J. Invest. Dermatol. 107:844-848, 1996.

P. Kühnlein, R. Mitnacht, N. Torres-Nagel, T. Herrmann, A. Elbe, T. Hünig: The canonical T cell receptor of dendritic epidermal γδ T cells is highly conserved between rats and mice. Eur. J. Immunol. 26:3092-3097, 1996.

A. Elbe, C.A. Foster, G. Stingl: T cell receptor αβ and γδ T cells in rat and human skin - are they equivalent? Semin. Immunol. 8:341-349, 1996. (Review).


D. Foedinger, G.J. Anhalt, B. Boecskoer, A. Elbe, K. Wolff, K. Rappersberger: Autoantibodies to desmoplakin I and II in patients with erythema multiforme. J. Exp. Med. 181:169-179, 1995.

K.J. Erb, T. Hanke, A. Schimpl, T. Hünig, G. Stingl, A. Elbe: Impaired survival of T cell receptor Vγ3+ T cells in interleukin-4 transgenic mice. Eur. J. Immunol. 25:1442-1445, 1995.

W. Böhm, R. Schirmbeck, A. Elbe, K. Melber, D. Diminky, G. Kraal, N. van Rooijen, Y. Barenholz, J. Reimann: Exogeneous Hepatitis B surface antigen particles processed by dendritic cells or macrophages prime murine MHC class I-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vivo. J. Immunol. 155:3313-3321, 1995.

A. Elbe, G. Stingl: Dendritic cells as stimulators of MHC class I-restricted immune responses. In: Dendritic Cells in Fundamental and Clinical Immunology, Eds.: Banchreau J., Schmitt D.; Plenum Press, New York, 2:341-345, 1995. (Book chapter).


A. Elbe, O. Kilgus, T. Hünig, G. Stingl: T-cell receptor diversity in dendritic epidermal T cells in the rat. J. Invest. Dermatol. 102:74-79, 1994.

P. Kühnlein, J.H. Park, T. Herrmann, A. Elbe, T. Hünig: Identification and characterization of rat γ/δ T lymphocytes in peripheral lymphoid organs, small intestine, and skin with a monoclonal antibody to a constant determinant of the γ/δ T-cell receptor. J. Immunol. 153:979-986, 1994.

A. Elbe, S. Schleischitz, D. Strunk, G. Stingl: Fetal skin-derived MHC class I+, MHC class II- dendritic cells stimulate MHC class I-restricted responses of unprimed CD8+ T cells. J. Immunol. 153:2878-2889, 1994.

G. Stingl, E. Payer, A. Elbe: Ontogeny, features and functions of epidermal T lymphocytes. In: Basic Mechanisms of Physiologic and Aberrant Lympho proliferation in the Skin, Eds: Lambert W.C., Giannotti B., van Vloten W.A.; Plenum Press, New York, 265:17-27, 1994. (Book chapter).

A. Schimpl, T. Hünig, A. Elbe, I. Berberich, S. Krämer, H. Herz, A.C. Feller, B. Sadlack, H. Schorle, I. Horak: Development and function of the immune system in mice with targeted disruption of the interleukin 2 gene. In: Transgenesis and Targeted Mutagenesis in Immunology, Eds: Bluethmann H., Ohashi P.S.; Academic Press, New York, pp 191-201, 1994. (Book chapter).


O. Kilgus, E. Payer, S. Schreiber, A. Elbe, R. Strohal, G. Stingl: In vivo cytokine expression in normal and perturbed murine skin - analysis by competitive and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. J. Invest. Dermatol. 100:674-680, 1993.

A. Schimpl, T. Hünig, S. Krämer, I. Berberich, K. Erb, A. Elbe, G. Stingl, B. Sadlack, H. Schorle, I. Horak: Lymphocyte development and immunoreactivity in IL-2 deficient mice. In: Progress in Immunology, Eds. Gergely J. et al., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 8:305-311; 1993. (Book chapter).


E. Payer, R. Strohal, R. Kutil, A. Elbe, G. Stingl: Demonstration of a CD3+ lymphocyte subset in the epidermis of athymic nude mice. Evidence for TCR-diversity. J. Immunol. 149:413-420, 1992.

A. Elbe, O. Kilgus, R. Strohal, E. Payer, S. Schreiber, G. Stingl: Fetal skin: a site of dendritic epidermal T cell development. J. Immunol. 149:1694-1701, 1992.

S. Schreiber, O. Kilgus, E. Payer, R. Kutil, A. Elbe, C. Mueller, G. Stingl: Cytokine pattern of Langerhans cells isolated from murine epidermal cell cultures. J. Immunol. 149:3525-3534, 1992.

E. Payer, A. Elbe, G. Stingl: Epidermal T lymphocytes - ontogeny, features and function. Semin. Immunopathol. 13:315-331, 1992. (Review).


E. Payer, A. Elbe, G. Stingl: Circulating CD3+/TCR Vγ3+ fetal murine thymocytes home to the skin and give rise to proliferating dendritic epidermal T cells. J. Immunol. 146:2536-2543, 1991.

G. Stingl, A. Elbe, E. Payer, O. Kilgus, R. Strohal, S. Schreiber: The role of fetal epithelial tissues in the maturation/differentiation of bone marrow-derived precursors into dendritic epidermal T-cells (DETC) of the mouse. In: Function and Specificity of γ/δ T Cells, Eds.: Pfeffer K., Heeg K., Wagner H., Riethmüller G.; Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology; Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg, 173:269-274, 1991. (Book chapter).

C. Hauser, A. Elbe, G. Stingl: The Langerhans cell. In: Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the Skin, Ed.: Goldsmith L.A.; Oxford University Press, New York, 41:1144-1163, 1991. (Book chapter).

M. Honjo, A. Elbe, G. Steiner, I. Assmann, K. Wolff, G. Stingl: Thymus-independent generation of Thy-1+ epidermal cells from a pool of Thy-1- bone marrow precursors. J. Invest. Dermatol. 95:562-567, 1990.


S.R. Maxfield, K. Moulder, F. Koning, A. Elbe, G. Stingl, J.E. Coligan, E.M. Shevach, W.M. Yokoyama: Murine T cells express a cell surface receptor for multiple extracellular matrix proteins. Identification and characterization with monoclonal antibodies. J. Exp. Med. 169:2173-2190, 1989.

E. Tschachler, G. Steiner, H. Yamada, A. Elbe, K. Wolff, G. Stingl: Dendritic epidermal T cells: Activation requirements and phenotypic characterization of proliferating cells. J. Invest. Dermatol. 92:763-768, 1989.

A. Elbe, E. Tschachler, G. Steiner, A. Binder, K. Wolff, G. Stingl: Maturational steps of bone marrow-derived dendritic murine epidermal cells. Phenotypic and functional studies on Langerhans cells and Thy-1+ dendritic epidermal cells in the perinatal period. J. Immunol. 143:2431-2438, 1989.


G. Steiner, F. Koning, A. Elbe, E. Tschachler, W.M. Yokoyama, E.M. Shevach, G. Stingl, J.E. Coligan: Characterization of T cell receptors on resident murine dendritic epidermal T cells. Eur. J. Immunol. 18:1323-1328, 1988.

A. Elbe, W. Aberer, N. Romani, E. Tschachler, G. Stingl: Differential effects of various physicochemical agents on murine Ia- and Thy-1-positive dendritic epidermal cells. In: Light in Biology and Medicine, Eds.: Douglas R.H., Moan J. and Dall`Àcqua F.; Plenum Press, New York and London, 1:301-308, 1988. (Book chapter).


W. Aberer, N. Romani, A. Elbe, G. Stingl: Effects of physicochemical agents on murine epidermal Langerhans cells and Thy-1-positive dendritic epidermal cells. J. Immunol. 136:1210-1216, 1986.

G. Stingl, W. Aberer, N. Romani, A. Elbe, E. Tschachler: Effects of short-wave UV and PUVA-treatment on structure and phenotype of bone marrow-derived dendritic cells of the mouse epidermis. In: Therapeutic Photomedicine, Eds.: Hönigsmann H. and Stingl G.; Current Problems in Dermatology, Karger, Basel, Schweiz, 15:195-204, 1986. (Book chapter).


N. Romani, E. Tschachler, G. Schuler, W. Aberer, R. Ceredig, A. Elbe, K. Wolff, P.O. Fritsch, G. Stingl: Morphological and phenotypical characterization of bone marrow-derived dendritic Thy-1-positive epidermal cells of the mouse. J. Invest. Dermatol. 85:91s-95s, 1985. (Review).